Wadden Sea Plan 2010

The Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan (WSP) is the common policy and management plan for the protection and sustainable management of the Wadden Sea Area. It is also the common management plan for the Wadden Sea World Heritage Site. A unique and basic feature of the Wadden Sea Plan is that it aims at achieving the full scale of habitats, which belong to a natural and dynamic Wadden Sea. Each of these habitats, for which common trilateral Targets have been adopted, needs a certain quality (natural dynamics, absence of anthropogenic disturbance, absence of pollution), which can be reached by proper management of the area.

The overall aim of the WSP is to implement the objectives of the Trilateral Wadden Sea cooperation, as laid down in the Joint Declaration, i.e.

a. a natural ecosystem, its functions and characteristic biodiversity;
b. resilience to climate change and other impacts;
c. maintenance of the landscape and cultural heritage;
d. sustainable use as defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Habitats Directive;
e. public support for the protection of the Wadden Sea.

The WSP was adopted at the 8th Wadden Sea Conference in Stade, Germany, in 1997, and then was updated and revised at the 11th Wadden Sea Conference on Sylt, Germany, in 2010. The WSP has a wider perspective than a traditional management plan because it also encompasses the common vision, principles, policies and measures of the Trilateral Cooperation.  The Plan is an agreement on how the countries coordinate and integrate the management of the Wadden Sea Area, in particular, with regard to the EC Natura 2000 and World Heritage obligations. The WSP also contains common projects and actions that must be carried out to achieve the commonly agreed Trilateral Targets.


Introduction 7
I. Integrated Ecosystem Management 11
1. The Ecosystem Approach 13
2. Overarching Themes 21
II. The Targets 25
1. Landscape and Culture 27
2. Water and Sediment 31
3. Salt Marshes 36
4. Tidal Area 41
5. Beaches and Dunes 49
6. Estuaries 53
7. Offshore Area 57
8. Rural Area 61
9. Birds 65
10. Marine Mammals 73
11. Fish 75
III. Implementation 81
1. Monitoring and Assessment 83
2. Implementation and Review 89
3. Communication, Information and Education 91
Map 1: Wadden Sea Area and Conservation Area  95
Map 2: Wadden Sea Habitats  97
Map 3: Cultural Entities 99
Map 4: Natura 2000 Areas in the Wadden Sea  101